American Indian Religious Traditions: An Encyclopedia (3 - download pdf or read online

By Suzanne J. Crawford O'Brien

ISBN-10: 1576075176

ISBN-13: 9781576075173

ISBN-10: 1576075206

ISBN-13: 9781576075203

This large paintings is going past comparable surveys that spotlight purely on anthropology and heritage and explores the spiritual practices, hobbies, associations, key figures, ceremonial structures, and non secular accoutrements indigenous to North the USA, from the precontact period to the current. Taking a deep and knowledgeable glance in particular on the spiritual and religious nature of local americans, the encyclopedia areas traditions inside of their ancient and theoretical context, reading their relevance inside local non secular existence and perform in addition to in the educational research of religion.

Topics coated comprise key principles and concerns, spiritual and political leaders, fundamental ceremonies, mythic figures, and similar cultural matters, resembling basketry, whaling, farming, and bison looking, that have spiritual value for local peoples. individuals contain famous students of yank Indian non secular tradition, together with many that come from tribal traditions and will provide worthy insights and observations from their own experience.

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It includes diverse terrain, from the high mesas and canyons of the Colorado Plateau in the north to the Mogollon Mountains of present-day southern New Mexico. Cactus-dotted deserts flank the Little Colorado River in present-day southern Arizona and the Gulf of Mexico in present-day southern Texas. Few rains water the Southwest, and most rainfall occurs during a sixweek period in the summer. Snowfall is infrequent except in mountain areas. Three types of vegetation are dominant, depending on altitude and rainfall: western evergreen in the mountains; piñon and juniper in mesa country; and desert shrub, cactus, and mesquite in lower, drier regions.

However, there is enough ecological similarity in the region to inspire some common traits among the tribal groups. Groups of the region often sacralize these commonalities in regular intertribal gatherings for trade and intermarriage. Great Basin The Great Basin culture refers to an arid inland region encompassing much of the western United States. Consisting of a vast natural basin, with occasional rocky uplands breaking up long stretches of mostly barren desert, the region is surrounded by the Sierra Nevada range on the west, the Rocky Mountains on the east, the Columbia Plateau on the north, and the Colorado Plateau on the south.

The Great Basin once contained dozens of lakes, some quite large, as evidenced by their remnants, including Great Salt Lake. In the western part of the Great Basin is Death Valley, where temperatures in the summer often exceed 125°F. Sagebrush dominates the sparse vegetation throughout the Great Basin, with some piñon and juniper trees in the higher elevations. This somewhat harsh environment produces more nomadic tribes than regions to the west, and these tribes speak variations of the Uto-Aztecan family.

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American Indian Religious Traditions: An Encyclopedia (3 Volume set) by Suzanne J. Crawford O'Brien


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