Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development's Agricultural Trade and Poverty: Making Policy Analysis Count PDF

By Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

ISBN-10: 9264197338

ISBN-13: 9789264197336

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Additional info for Agricultural Trade and Poverty: Making Policy Analysis Count

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Figure 1. Approximate country and commodity scope of Aglink Commodity scope Oilseeds Beef and products Countries scope Wheat Coarse Grains Rice Australia Argentina Brazil Canada Chile China Chinese Taipei European Union Hungary India Indonesia Japan Korea Mexico New Zealand Poland Paraguay Russia Singapore Thailand Uruguay USA Others aggregate X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Pork Poultry & eggs Milk and dairy products X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Notes: "X" indicates that the market is endogenously determined in the model.

Whether the aggregates move up a little or more substantially, there are very dramatic adjustments taking place under the smooth veneer of the aggregate production possibilities frontier. In particular, as relative prices shift in response to removal of preferential agricultural price distortions, factor returns in these sectors adjust dramatically and resources are pulled toward other activities. At the same time, removal of support takes a subsidy burden off the international price system, as OECD agricultural prices must rise to offset the loss of government support.

The database refers to 1998 and hence lags on important developments that have taken place since, such as the entry of China and Taiwan into the WTO. As a result the GTAP database significantly overstates China’s tariffs on oilseeds and grains, which do not reflect the current situation. A similar problem arises with the European Union because new policies have been put in place in 2000 with the Berlin Accord on Agenda 2000. The latter 44 increases direct payments and reduces crop intervention prices.

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Agricultural Trade and Poverty: Making Policy Analysis Count by Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development


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