By David F. Burg
A global heritage of Tax Rebellions is an exhaustive reference resource for over 4,300 years of riots, rebellions, protests, and conflict brought on by means of abusive taxation and tax amassing platforms around the globe. all of the chronologically prepared entries makes a speciality of a particular old occasion, examining its roots, and socio-economic context.
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A global heritage of Tax Rebellions is an exhaustive reference resource for over 4,300 years of riots, rebellions, protests, and struggle brought on by way of abusive taxation and tax accumulating structures all over the world. all of the chronologically prepared entries specializes in a selected historic occasion, reading its roots, and socio-economic context.
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Additional resources for A World History of Tax Rebellions: An Encyclopedia of Tax Rebels, Revolts, and Riots from Antiquity to the Present
Simpson, “A New Twist in Tax Avoidance: Firms Send Best Ideas Abroad,” The Wall Street Journal, June 24, 2002, A1. Firma Burghi (England), right of fiscal autonomy attained by British towns during the late Middle Ages that comprised a precursor to eventual self-government. The firma burghi resulted from the towns’ struggles with the monarchy over tax levies, and it rationalized the tax systems for the towns. Through the granting of firma burghi status, townspeople received the right to fulfill their fiscal obligations to the monarchy collectively by means of a fixed annual sum they levied upon themselves—thus freeing them from the uncertainties of unanticipated taxes of various kinds and quantities levied by the crown whenever the king or government ministers perceived a need for increased revenues.
Evasions, exemptions, and corruption (tax officials’ skimming off receipts for themselves) deprived the Empire of revenues needed for tribute as well as for roads, armaments, fortifications, and other military needs. Those who hold political power of course have the greatest opportunity to provide themselves with the means of evading taxes. During the 1330s in the Florentine Republic, for example, the greater guilds held power and used it to run the government as if it were their private business.
The historian Polybius explained the circumstances leading to war in great detail. ” Thus sited, Byzantium had “complete control over the supply of all those many products furnished by the Pontus [Turkey on the Black Sea coast] which men in general require in their daily life,” including cattle, slaves, honey, wax, grains, and preserved fish. In return, Byzantium purchased olive oil, wines, and some grains from other nations of the Mediterranean and Aegean seas. This trade, while advantageous to Byzantium, was vital to the Greeks.
A World History of Tax Rebellions: An Encyclopedia of Tax Rebels, Revolts, and Riots from Antiquity to the Present by David F. Burg